Slovakia
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Slovakia profile
landlocked;

most of the country is rugged and mountainous;

the Tatra Mountains in the north are interspersed with many scenic lakes and valleys
Slovakia history
Slovakia's roots can be traced to the 9th century state of Great Moravia. Subsequently, the Slovaks became part of the Hungarian Kingdom, where they remained for the next 1,000 years. Following the formation of the dual Austro-Hungarian monarchy in 1867, language and education policies favoring the use of Hungarian (Magyarization) resulted in a strengthening of Slovak nationalism and a cultivation of cultural ties with the closely related Czechs, who were under Austrian rule. After the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at the close of World War I, the Slovaks joined the Czechs to form Czechoslovakia. During the interwar period, Slovak nationalist leaders pushed for autonomy within Czechoslovakia, and in 1939 Slovakia became an independent state allied with Nazi Germany. Following World War II, Czechoslovakia was reconstituted and came under Communist rule within Soviet-dominated Eastern Europe. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country's leaders to liberalize Communist rule and create "socialism with a human face," ushering in a period of repression known as "normalization." The peaceful "Velvet Revolution" swept the Communist Party from power at the end of 1989 and inaugurated a return to democratic rule and a market economy. On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a nonviolent "velvet divorce" into its two national components, Slovakia and the Czech Republic. Slovakia joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004 and the euro zone on 1 January 2009.
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Conventional long form: Slovak Republic

Conventional short form: Slovakia

Local long form: Slovenska republika

Local short form: Slovensko
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Slovakia's capital city is Bratislava
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Slovakia Constitution:

ratified 1 September 1992, effective 1 January 1993;

changed September 1998;

amended February 2001
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Slovakia population growth rate: 0.104%
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Slovakia highest point: Gerlachovsky Stit 2,655 m
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Slovakia lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
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About 29% of Slovakia's land is arable.
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Vah River is the Longest River in Slovakia
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Slovakia birth rate is 10 births/1,000 population
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Slovakia infant mortality rate is 6 deaths/1,000 live births
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Slovakia fertility rate is 1.39 children born/woman
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Slovakia climate:

temperate;

cool summers;

cold, cloudy, humid winters
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Top 10 cities of Slovakia with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Bratislava: 462,603
2. Košice: 240,688
3. Prešov: 91,638
4. Žilina: 81,515
5. Banská Bystrica: 79,775
6. Nitra: 78,875
7. Trnava: 66,219
8. Batroun: 57,300
9. Trenčín: 55,832
10. Poprad: 52,791
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Slovakia ethnic groups:

Slovak - 85.8%
Hungarian - 9.7%
Roma - 1.7%
Ruthenian/Ukrainian - 1%
other and unspecified - 1.8%
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Slovakia Exports:

machinery and electrical equipment - 35.9%
vehicles - 21%
base metals - 11.3%
chemicals and minerals - 8.1%
plastics - 4.9%
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Slovakia Imports:

machinery and transport equipment - 31%
mineral products - 13%
vehicles - 12%
base metals - 9%
chemicals - 8%
plastics - 6%
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unicameral National Council of the Slovak Republic or Narodna Rada Slovenskej Republiky (150 seats; members elected on the basis of proportional representation to serve four-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
8 regions (kraje, singular - kraj)
1. Banskobystricky
2. Bratislavsky
3. Kosicky
4. Nitriansky
5. Presovsky
6. Trenciansky
7. Trnavsky
8. Zilinsky
Political parties and leaders:
parties in the Parliament:
Bridge (Most-Hid) - Bela BUGAR
Christian Democratic Movement (KDH) - Jan FIGEL
Direction-Social Democracy (Smer-SD) - Robert FICO
Freedom and Solidarity (SaS) - Richard SULIK
Ordinary People and Independent Personalities (OLaNO) - Igor MATOVIC
Slovak Democratic and Christian Union-Democratic Party (SDKU-DS) - Pavol FRESO

selected parties outside the Parliament:
Civic Conservative Party (OKS) - Ondrej DOSTAL
Nation and Justice - Our Party (NAS) - Anna BELOUSOVOVA
Party of the Democratic Left (SDL) - Jozef DURICA
Party of the Hungarian Coalition (SMK) - Jozsef BERENYI
People's Party - Movement for a Democratic Slovakia (LS-HZDS) - Vladimir MECIAR
People's Party - Our Slovakia (LSNS) - Marian KOTLEBA
Slovak National Party (SNS) - Andrej DANKO